John Gehring, Faith in Public Life’s Catholic Program Director, joined FPL after three years at Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good. He blogs about Catholics in public life.
Ave Maria School of Law in Naples, Fla., founded with major financial backing from pizza magnate Tom Monaghan, has long been a destination for conservative faculty and students. But now it appears that even the Church’s long support for unions as central to protecting the dignity of work – a core pillar of Catholic social teaching – is taking a back seat to Ave Maria’s promotion of right-wing ideology.
According to a press release on Christian News Wire, the university has partnered with the virulently anti-union National Right to Work Legal Defense Foundation to establish a professorship of labor law. This is a bit like defense contractor Lockheed Martin partnering with the Quakers to announce a peace studies fellowship.
While the National Right to Work Defense Foundation and the National Right to Work Committee side with corporations that are increasingly making it harder on employees to join unions, the Catholic Church has stood boldly with unions since 1891 when Pope Leo XIII released Rerum Novarum – an encyclical that puts labor rights at the center of Catholic social teaching. In their 1986 pastoral letter, Economic Justice for All, Catholic bishops wrote:
“The Church fully supports the right of workers to form unions or other associations to secure their rights to fair wages and working condition…No one may deny the right to organize without attacking human dignity itself.”
This is not some dusty, long-forgotten teaching. When Gov. Scott Walker and Republican lawmakers were busy hamstringing unions in Wisconsin, Milwaukee Archbishop Jerome Listecki released a public statement saying that “hard times do not nullify the moral obligation each of us has to respect the legitimate rights of workers.” The archbishop noted that it’s a “mistake to marginalize or dismiss unions as impediments to economic growth.” And he went on to quote Pope Benedict XVI, who wrote in 2009 that “the promotion of workers’ associations that can defend (workers’) rights must … be honored today even more than in the past.” Other Catholic leaders like Rev. Bryan Massingale of Marquette University, a former president of the Catholic Theological Society of America, also challenged the governor.
Catholic bishops and conservative Catholic watchdog groups like the Cardinal Newman Society have not been shy about publicly challenging Catholic universities that invite pro-choice speakers to campus. The Catholic hierarchy has been far less vigilant when it comes to universities giving platforms to those who break from Church teaching on issues like the death penalty or economic justice.
Bishop Frank J. Dewane, whose diocese includes the Naples area, should now be asking law school officials some tough questions and reminding them that respect for unions is a fundamental Catholic teaching. Will he speak up and warn the school that they could be causing confusion among the Catholic faithful?
CORRECTION: An earlier version of this post conflated Ave Maria School of Law with Ave Maria University. The two are distinct institutions with separate governing boards. We regret the error
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We’ve heard a lot from GOP presidential candidates about the supposed “war on religion” President Obama is waging from his secular-Marxist bunker at the White House. Even some bishops have embraced strains of this extreme argument.
But as the Jesuits at America magazine argued recently in a powerful editorial “it does a disservice to the victims of religious persecution everywhere to inflate policy differences into a struggle over religious freedom.”
Catholic News Service reports:
Terrorist attacks on Christians in Africa, the Middle East and Asia tripled in a seven-year period, a Vatican official told a U.N. meeting. Archbishop Silvano M. Tomasi, the Holy See’s permanent observer to U.N. offices in Geneva, told the U.N. Human Rights Council that while Christians are not the only victims, attacks on them in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia “increased 309 percent between 2003 and 2010…”
Approximately 70 percent of the world’s population lives in countries with high restrictions on religious beliefs and practices, and religious minorities pay the highest price. In general, rising restrictions on religion affect more than 2.2 billion people,” the archbishop told the council members March 1.
Christians are not a persecuted minority in the U.S. And I suspect most people of faith in our country don’t share the ominous view that “religion is being neutered in the public square” as Archbishop Timothy Dolan, the president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, has argued.
As religious institutions and the government work through the often thorny details of balancing the important goals of protecting religious conscience and women’s health let’s have some perspective and tone down the rhetoric.
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Catholic bishops and several popes have long advocated for a just tax system that serves the common good. So it’s disappointing to see an editorial in the Diocese of Brooklyn’s official newspaper parroting Republican boilerplate on this issue.
“Personal income is eroded through taxation, therefore freedom to practice one’s religion is also limited,” the editorial states, arguing that high taxes prevent people from giving to religious charities including the bishop’s annual fundraising appeal. Is Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, the newspaper’s publisher, drinking the Tea Party strong stuff?
Paul Moses at Commonweal has the story:
I am aghast at this reasoning, especially since I am aware that the publisher of The Tablet, Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, appointed a panel from outside the paper’s regular staff to weigh these editorial stances carefully. According to the editorial board:
When over 50% of federal spending goes to entitlements or social services and the total tax burden is rising to the highest level in history, we are confronted with a situation in which the role of the state reaches so deeply into the everyday lives of citizens that it is affecting our ability even to support our religious institutions.
As Moses points out, the newspaper is factually wrong that taxes are at “the highest level in history” and the editorial contradicts a budget analysis issued by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops that urges Congress to protect vital social safety nets. “The nation needs to substantially reduce future deficits, but not at the expense of hungry and poor people,” the bishops write.
This isn’t a new position Catholic leaders. In fact, the U.S. Catholic Bishops’ 1986 pastoral letter Economic Justice for All called for a more progressive tax system “so that those with relatively greater financial resources pay a higher rate of taxation.”
The Brooklyn diocese somehow missed the memo. If Catholic bishops hope to rise above narrow ideologies and the political season’s partisan fray it would help if they drop GOP talking points.
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Michelle Boorstein of the Washington Post reports this week that a woman attending her mother’s funeral was denied Communion by a priest because she is a lesbian. It’s a truly outrageous incident that should offend any person of faith who recognizes that a holy sacrament should never be used to denigrate a human being made in God’s image.
It’s also a cautionary tale now that we’re knee deep in the fever swamps of an election year where culture-war politics is back with a vengeance, and the Catholic Church is flexing its institutional muscles against contraception coverage, same-sex marriage and a host of other divisive social issues. Regardless of the view one takes on same-sex marriage, can’t we all agree that our houses of worship should be welcoming places for all people? Official Catholic teaching, in fact, is clear that gays and lesbians should always be treated with dignity. According to the Catholic Catechism “every sign of unjust discrimination in their regard should be avoided.” Sadly, the church is often its own worst enemy in this regard.
Remember that this shameful story of Communion denial in the Archdiocese of Washington comes just two months after Cardinal Francis George of Chicago, the past president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, compared the gay rights movement to the KKK. Last summer in Boston, the Rainbow Ministry of St. Cecilia’s Parish posted a notice in the church bulletin about a Mass that would “honor Christ’s message of hope and salvation to all people” during Boston’s Pride Month. This was not controversial news for most Catholic clergy and laity until the city’s vociferous Catholic right hit squads, specifically the blog “Bryan Hehir Exposed,” (Fr. Hehir is a former president of Catholic Charities USA and a professor at Harvard University) urged Catholics to flood Cardinal Sean O’Malley’s office with protest calls. The blog described plans for the Mass as an “atrocious scandal” and demanded that the pastor be put on leave. The Mass was canceled by the archdiocese a few days later.
Let’s not miss the big picture. A well-organized Catholic right – including bloggers and Catholic watchdog organizations that monitor supposed breaches of orthodoxy on Catholic campuses – has played a significant role in shaping the political posture of many Catholic leaders today. A generation of young priests and bishops, far quieter on issues of economic justice and peace than contraception and abortion, are also the legacy of the late Pope John Paul II – whose 27-year pontificate included a strong critique of unfettered capitalism but was largely defined by his distinctive “theology of the body” and appointment of theologically conservative bishops. A widely respected, now retired, church official who served his diocese’s social justice office for several decades told me:
I am concerned about the tone of the bishops. What is missing today is the conciliatory, collaborative, politically astute leadership of the Bishops of the 80′s and 90′s. To compromise is considered weak by this crowd. The Bishops, to a great extent, have become captives of corporate elites, the National Right to Life, and conservative lay organizations. They have access and influence that eclipse that of progressive Catholics.
The retired official also lamented that the church’s revered social justice work is increasingly being drowned out by abortion politics, the fight against same-sex marriage and deep animus against the Democratic Party. Archbishop Dolan of New York, president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, unwittingly proved the point that right-wing Catholic activists and conservative intellectuals have the ears of bishops these days when he told reporter John Allen that he gets “far more criticism from people who feel we bishops are much too soft on the Democrats, who feel that we are actually in the pocket of the Democrats.” A truly stunning and revealing statement about the conservative bubble many Catholic priests and bishops live in.
To his credit, Cardinal Donald Wuerl of Washington (like the majority of bishops) disagrees with Archbishop Charles Chaput of Philadelphia and other bishops who politicize Communion, especially during election years. In this particular case, the Washington Archdiocese has written a letter of apology to the woman caught up this shameful incident, a gesture she acknowledges as sincere while still rightly calling for the priest’s removal from parish life. It’s still uncertain what will happen to this priest since archdiocesan officials have been quiet and a reporter’s attempts to reach the priest have been rebuffed. We know little about the priest other than he is fairly young, active in local anti-abortion protests and has referred to a Maryland doctor who performs abortions as the “Butcher of Germantown.” Predictably, some Catholic conservative bloggers in the archdiocese are defending the indefensible.
Many faithful Catholics who respect our church have reason to be concerned that today’s priests and some bishops often seem more eager to fight culture wars than be pastoral leaders. Let’s hope as election-year punches are thrown and divisive social issues are debated, our churches can be sanctuaries from the kind of scorched-earth tactics that have no place in God’s house.
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Now that the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops is digging in for a high-profile religious liberty campaign, every bishop in the country should read the lead editorial up at America magazine, an influential Catholic weekly edited by Jesuit priests. It’s a theologically smart, pastorally sensitive look at how Catholic bishops are overplaying their hand in a fight over contraception coverage and potentially damaging the Church’s credibility in public life. Noting that the American public is “uncomfortable with an overt exercise of political muscle by the hierarchy,” the editors write:
The religious liberty campaign seems to have abandoned a moral distinction that undergirded the conference’s public advocacy in past decades: the contrast between authoritative teaching on matters of principle and debatable applications of principle to public policy…The campaign fails to acknowledge that in the present instance, claims of religious liberty may collide with the right to health care, or that the religious rights of other denominations are in tension with those of Catholics. But as Pope Benedict XVI wrote in “Deus Caritas Est,” the church does not seek to “impose on those who do not share the faith ways of thinking and modes of conduct proper to the faith.”
The editorial concludes:
By stretching the religious liberty strategy to cover the fine points of health care coverage, the campaign devalues the coinage of religious liberty. The fight the bishop’s conference won against the initial mandate was indeed a fight for religious liberty and for that reason won widespread support. The latest phase of the campaign, however, seems intended to bar health care funding for contraception. Catholics legitimately oppose such a policy on moral grounds. But that opposition entails a difference over policy, not an infringement of religious liberty. It does a disservice to the victims of religious persecution everywhere to inflate policy differences into a struggle over religious freedom.
While the Catholic right routinely maligns Catholic progressives as “dissidents” or “fake Catholics,” the editor-in-chief of America is hardly someone who can be easily marginalized. Rev. Drew Christiansen, S.J., spent six years as the director of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ office of International Justice and Peace. He was the lead staffer on some of the most important statements on social justice released by the U.S. bishops.
Also required reading for bishops is this powerful op-ed from a former director of Catholic Charities in San Francisco.
I am a Catholic. I go to Mass. I love my Church. I love its rich history of serving the poor, the vulnerable and the marginalized. I am not leaving. But it seems to me that the Catholic bishops who have led the charge on this issue have succeeded only in showing how wide the gap is between the Catholic faithful and some of its bishops, have left the impression that the issue of conscience only seems to arise over matters of sexuality, have ended up intentionally or otherwise in bed with the likes of Newt Gingrich, have inadvertently become a potential obstacle to affordable health care for those most in need, and have further diminished the moral influence and teaching authority that many Catholics used to respect and desire from their bishops.
Simply put, these are pleas from Catholics who love their faith, have served Catholic institutions with pride and genuinely worry that bishops are in danger of abandoning the Church’s best traditions. Consider that in the last few months a former top official at the U.S bishops’ conference warned that the Church’s “social justice witness is being crowded out by divisive culture-war battles,” the Jesuit editors at America magazine have sounded the alarm and a former Catholic Charities director is now on the record with a timely critique. If Catholic bishops hope to remain relevant and persuasive moral agents in the public square, they would do well to take these frank assessments to heart.
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